fort de la malmaison octobre 2017
Media in category "Deutscher Soldatenfriedhof Fort de Malmaison" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. Taken in Chavignon. Tourelle Bussière | The defences were held by the 5th Prussian Guard Regiment and in the Panthéon and Orage quarries, whose garrisons had been relieved the night before by the 5th and 8th companies of the 3rd Grenadier Regiment, who had not been seriously shaken by the preliminary bombardment. On the eastern flank of the attack front, the bombardment of the 5th Guard Division was less damaging but a local attack, Operation Autumn Harvest was cancelled. The photograph may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. Chèvremont | Toul | Das Fort de la Malmaison deckte die Straßen nach Soissons und Laon, auf dieser das letzte Hindernis für einen Angreifer auf dem Weg nach Paris. Identificador descriptiu; Codi postal: 02190 : Fus horari: UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00. Vaux | Ein freier Zugang ist nicht gestattet. Dogneville | Already tagged. The French then overran the Tonnerre and Charbon quarries, crossed the Bovettes ravine and ascended the slope from Many Farm to capture Pargny-Filain. XIV Corps had also taken c. 3,000 prisoners, several guns, machine-guns and trench mortars. Laya 2019. jempie. Enable Map. The Allemant plateau was cut from south to north by the narrow St. Guillain ravine and other ravines lay below the crest of the Chemin-des-Dames ridge. , From February–March 1917, the German armies in the Noyon and Bapaume salients retired to a new line of fortifications, the Siegfriedstellung (Hindenburg Line) across the base of the salients, from Neuville Vitasse near Arras, through St. Quentin and Laon to the Aisne east of Soissons, ending at Cerny en Laonnois on the Chemin-des-Dames ridge, although the withdrawal to the last part of the line did not take place. Army Group German Crown Prince ordered the 7th Army to hold the positions east of La Royère Farm and on 28 October, the Germans counter-attacked just north of Froidmont Farm but were repulsed and lost another 60 prisoners. , The ground down to the forests of Pinon and Rosay, which covered most of the uneven plain south of the marshes around the Ailette, comprised numerous ravines which in places were still wooded. On the night of 2/3 June, two German divisions made five attacks on the east, west and central parts of the Californie Plateau and the west end of the Vauclerc Plateau. The new fortifications were intended to be precautionary, (Sicherheitskoeffizient) built to be used as rallying-positions Eventual-Stellungen (similar to ones built on the Russian front) to shorten the Western Front, economise on troops and create reserves. Note Nr. , On 25 October, the French attacked again and the German troops made a fighting withdrawal to the Ailette and the canal, which had been occupied by the 6th Bavarian Reserve and 6th divisions but few guns could be withdrawn. Bois l’Abbé | Paroches | A rapid exploitation up the valley was impossible, because the ground on the borders of the canal was marshy. XI Corps and the regiment of the 67th Division of XXXIX Corps on the right began a parallel advance. La Malmaison ist eine französische Gemeinde mit 410 Einwohnern im Département Aisne in der Region Hauts-de-France; sie gehört zum Arrondissement Laon und zum Kanton Guignicourt. In 2014, William Philpott wrote that the Germans suffered casualties of 38,000 killed or missing and 12,000 prisoners, 200 guns and 720 machine-guns, against 14,000 French casualties, fewer than a third of the German total. Müller had taken precautions against a retreat and French air reconnaissance reported that fruit trees and farms in the Ailette valley were being destroyed and artillery was being moved to the high ground about Monampteuil, to enfilade the French if they took the west end of the Chemin-des-Dames ridge and descended towards the Ailette. , At noon, the 7th Army headquarters concluded that the loss of Allemant, Vaudesson, Chavignon and Malmaison, made it necessary to hold the lines from Pinon to Chavignon and to form a new line from there to Malmaison; it was also decided to withdraw the artillery from the Pinon Forest. Dort ruhen 11.841 deutsche Gefallene aus dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. , The French success at La Malmaison prevented Hindenburg and Ludendorff from further reinforcing the Austro-Hungarians in Italy and assisted the surprise gained by the British at the Battle of Cambrai (20 November – 7 December). , On 25 October, the new front line ran from Vauxaillon, north of Mont des Singes, to the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne near Anizy, then north of Pinon and Rosay forests, south-eastwards to the west end of the Bassin d'alimentation, up to the Chemin-des-Dames ridge east of Pargny-Filain and Filain. 17h : démonstration de tirs au canon et du char Saint-Chamond. Abri de combat | Flor de Vetus 2017. Sucy | Battalions from specialist German counter-attack divisions (Eingreifdivisionen) had been distributed along the front line and were caught in the French bombardments, German infantry shelters having been identified by French air reconnaissance and systematically destroyed. , The French artillery bombardment caused unprecedented destruction behind the German front, as far back as the canal and river bridges. Ursprünglich wurde es Fort de la Malmaison genannt. After a pause for consolidation, the attack was to continue to the Ailette on 25 October. Es war daher notwendig, Betonverstärkungen aufzutragen. An hour earlier, the 1st Chasseur Battalion had advanced from Montparnasse Quarry and taken the west end Chavignon. , The Sixth Army formed part of groupe d'armées du Nord (GAN, General Franchet d'Esperey). By mid-day Cerny was occupied, Cortecon was entered at 3:00 p.m. and Ailles at 7:00 p.m., which the Germans then bombarded with mustard-gas shell. Mont Bart | Mûrier | Holes driven into the overhead cover became funnels, down which flowed gas and shrapnel bullets. Search: Tag Archives: Battle of La Malmaison October 23, 1917. , A French artillery demonstration was conducted against Group Crépy, on the western face of the salient from 6–7 October in support of British operations in Flanders and on 11 October highly accurate French artillery registration commenced. , At Bois de St. Guillain, between Allemant and the Laffaux–Pinon ravine, at 9:15 a.m., the 140th Regiment was stopped by fire from machine-gun nests, until French tanks crawled up and knocked them out. , On the extreme flanks of the attack front, the French limited their operations to artillery-fire and probing attacks and in the late afternoon, French artillery-fire diminished. Monceau | Im Ersten Weltkrieg diente er als Obergefreiter und wurde am 05.06.1940 in Contreville, Frankreich getötet. Much of the narrative is derived from the translation of a French original, in which the French custom of describing events from left to right was observed. The salient facing the Ailette was over 4.8 km (3 mi) wide, into which artillery could be moved, using the vast Montparnasse and the other quarries as ammunition dumps. Bombers and flame-thrower teams searched the galleries, several machine-guns were captured and at 6:05 a.m., the flag of the battalion was hoisted over the fort. On their left, the 149th and 150th Infantry Regiments captured a German battalion at the Corbeau cavern and pushed the German defenders out of Bois des Hoinets. Casemate Pamart | Such defeats could have been mitigated by German tactical withdrawals, as soon as Allied artillery preparation began. The 27th Division faced Pinon and covered Vaudesson, which had been secured by XXI Corps. Leveau | A wheeling manoeuvre so close to the Germans was hazardous and made worse by the narrowness of no man's land in this area, which prevented French from bombarding the German defences with super-heavy artillery; on 23 October, many of the trenches, barbed-wire entanglements and machine-gun nests remained intact. Belrupt | Planoise | The village of Pargny-Filain was to be occupied if possible. Even long-range 200 mm (8 in) naval guns near Pinon, were later found to be without ammunition. Toulbroc’h | [c] To the north of the Riegelstellung, the fortified villages of Pinon and Vaudesson, Malmaison Farm, the fort and below them, the Montparnasse quarry, Chavignon and Bruyère, with various intermediate fortified woods, caves and pillboxes, formed the German third position. Chavignon was captured at 1:00 p.m. but a German counter-attack temporarily retook the north-eastern corner and little ground was lost by the 5th Guard Division further east. Behind the French troops on the right, at the summit of the Chemin-des-Dames ridge, a surprise was sprung by a line of French guns secretly placed behind the ridge, which began a creeping barrage.  During the advance, the French would have to pass the subterranean quarries near Les Bovettes, the Tonnerre Quarry and across the crest, where the French could be engaged by the German artillery on the Monampteuil Heights. "Historiques des Regiments 14/18 et ses 5000 Photos: Les Offensives d'avril 1917", "The Battle of Malmaison, 23–26 October 1917: A Masterpiece of Tactics", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_La_Malmaison&oldid=976870124, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 15:17. On the extreme right flank near La Royère Farm, the 67th Division made little headway but the 66th Division pushed on to the Panthéon, Orage and Bovettes quarries. , On the night of 1/2 November, the German retirement to the north bank of the Ailette began. Except for Bois 160, south of Vaudesson, where the garrison held out until the early hours of 24 October and for some isolated quarries, the German position south of the Riegelstellung and east of the Allemant ravine had fallen. Could somebody point me to the whereabouts of Fort de la Malmaison? After the four-day bombardment was extended by two more days because of bad weather, the French XIV, XXI and XI corps of the Sixth Army, attacked on a 12.1 km (7.5 mi) front with six divisions. Die Deutsche Kriegsgräberstätte Fort de Malmaison ist eine Ruhestätte für 11.841 deutsche Gefallene des Zweiten Weltkrieges in Frankreich. Liouville | Mont de Laffaux, south of Allemant, commanded both ravines and was determinedly defended by the garrison against the 75th Regiment, part of which was still besieging Fruty Quarry. Boehn chose to defend the front positions, rather than treat them as an advanced zone and to conduct the main defence north of the Oise–Aisne Canal. , In the Second Battle of the Aisne (16 April – 9 May), the French failed to achieve their strategic objective of a breakthrough and a return to a war of movement but captured tactically important ground and inflicted many casualties on the German defenders. From 20 to 21 September, a German attack south of the Arbre de Cerny and at the neck joining the Casemates to the Californie Plateau failed and on the night of 12/13 October, Thuringian stormtroops attacked between the western edge of the Hurtebise Finger and the French positions in the plain east of Craonne. Belfort |  Am 13. On the German right flank north of Moisy Farm entrenchments, round Mont des Singes to the bank of the Ailette, prevented an attacker from outflanking the heights in that direction. Had the 7th Army retained the western end of the Chemin-des-Dames ridge, the German offensive in 1918 could have started simultaneously with the offensives from the Somme to Flanders. Geschichte.  The quarry was big enough to shelter an infantry brigade. Q6584072 Upload media: Instance of: fort: Material used: stone; Location: Chavignon, Aisne, Hauts-de-France, France : Dissolved, abolished or demolished: 1886; 49° 27′ 36″ N, 3° 31′ 12″ E: Authority control Q6584072. The Battle of La Malmaison (Bataille de la Malmaison) (23–27 October) led to the capture of the village and fort of La Malmaison and control of the Chemin des Dames ridge. At midnight on 22/23 October, the shelling increased to drumfire. , The official historians of the Reichsarchiv wrote that the German defence had been outnumbered threefold in artillery, which had prepared the attack with almost unlimited ammunition. La Malmaison Show map of Hauts-de-France Coordinates: 49°30′59″N 3°58′54″E / 49.5164°N 3.9817°E / 49.5164; 3.9817 Coordinates : 49°30′59″N 3°58′54″E / 49.5164°N 3.9817°E / 49. März 1886 des Kriegsministers Général Boulanger an die Generalkommandanten der Militärregionen; Präsidialdekret vom 21. The French brought more artillery onto the Allemant and Malmaison plateaux, the Pinon and Rosay forests and the vicinity of Pargny-Filain and Filain. Croix-de-Bretagne | By 9:00 a.m., the division had advanced between Fanion Trench, the east end of the German second position and Lützen Trench. Fifteen tanks were immobilised crossing no man's land or in the German front line but the 21 remaining tanks and the infantry reached the German second position according to plan. [d], Group Vailly, had four divisions between Moisy and La Royère farms and three on the northern slopes of the heights. Hi! The subterranean galleries had been rebuilt and garrisoned by the Germans in September 1914, the outworks and interior being provided with several ferro-concrete machine-gun nests. Laon was about 13 km (8 mi) distant and visible at the end of the valley of the Ardon, which joins the Ailette north of Chavignon. , The tanks were modified to make them less liable to catch fire, pigeons were embarked to carry messages and communication panels operated from inside were installed. Écrouves | The fort was to the north-west of the quarry, on the summit of the plateau at the western end of the ridge and the dismantled work was surrounded by a moat filled with mud.  The attacks at Verdun in August and at Malmaison were compared with the failures of the Nivelle Offensive and were used to produce L’instruction sur l’action offensive des grands unités dans la bataille (Instruction on Offensive Action of Large Units in Battle [31 October 1917]). , At 9:15 a.m., the 13th Division began to descend the northern slopes towards Vaudesson and Bois de la Belle Croix. Beauregard (Besançon) | Die Vorräte an Lebensmitteln und Munition hätten für eine sechsmonatige Belagerung ausgereicht. Saint-Michel (Toul) | Uxegney | Ferdinand Grohs wurde am 18.09.1917 in Weibern – Brohl geboren. By 3:00 p.m., the division had fought through the east end Chavignon and had reached Voyen-Chavignon. The situation on the front of Group Vailly was much worse, on the left flank of the 13th Division and part of the 2nd Guard Division front, no front line was recognisable. Es ging um die Wirkung der neu eingeführten Brisanzgranaten auf die Forts, die ohne Betoneindeckung nur aus Mauerwerk errichtet waren. The 38th Division had reached the east end of Chavignon and Many Farm, beyond the Chavignon–Pargny-Filain road. Vaujours | Das Fort de la Malmaison (kurzzeitig auch Fort Dumas genannt) in der Gemeinde Chavignon (Département Aisne) war ein Sperrfort des Système Séré de Rivières, das zwischen 1878 und 1882 erbaut wurde.Es gehörte zum Gürtel um den Festen Platz Laon.
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